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Ethnic conflict in Nigeria

Ethnic conflict in Nigeria

Many country of the world are multiethnic, politics differs from one country to another. Nigeria like most countries that are multiethnic is a plural society with many ethnic groups who have existed for long.

 NiGERIA for instance has 450 ethnic groups who have existed for long. NiGERIA  being a pluralistic society like many heterogeneous one is characterized by reasonable independent cultural, racial, educational, religious, professional, linguistic association to mention a few. These features as observed by iwe(1995) states that.

“nigeria as a country is full of diversities and marked by pluralistic or complex characteristics…. Every aspect of life here exhibit this pluralism… The population of Nigeria embrace over ten major ethnic groups. The cultural Patten of the country shows in the rich and unfathomable diversity”.

 The difference in religious belief, cultural practice, knowledge and linguistic affinity explain to a great extent the occurrence of clashes and conflict among these ethnic groups that exists in the country.

Human history is replete with stories of bloody ethnic conflict and violence which claim lives and properties. Ethnic conflict bus state of disharmony which generates tension and lack of peace.
A mention of the world conflict often gives the impression of war, fighting, misunderstanding, argument, anarchy,stress and aggression.
It referred to as a situation which arises when what is supposed perceived to be ones gain turns out to be ones loss, either directly or indirectly as a result of action or inaction of another person or group of persons. This concept is a universal phenomenon which can occur between individuals, groups and nation worldwide.

Historically, the nation has witnessed a plethora of communal conflict erupting like volcano in different parts of the country. One can say without equivocation that no part of the country is spared this orgy of violence at one time or the other.

She further highlighted some major root cause of these conflicts as experienced in Nigeria as:
Ethno nationalism borne out of the drive to project eth right.
Xenophobia that result from irrational hatred of strangers/non indigenous in a particular state.
Political tussle over positions of leadership that could be intra_party or intre party
Marginalization of minority groups which according to angage .
Violation of human basic right including civil rights and dignity of human being.

Impact of ethnic conflict on Nigeria society

NiGERIA as a country has been bewilded  with identity conflicts, of which has devastated effect on the society. These include the wanton destruction of infrastructure, creating a state of insecurity which led to a marred investment and human resources,loss of lives , health hazard risk among internally displaced person particularly women and children.
Others are family disorganization, psychological trauma among victims and reduction in trade level which in the long run has serious implications for sustainable development.

Concept of peace Education
The desire for peace is as old as a human society for time immemorial, this desire has been extolled and glorified.
Historical record today is filled with accounts of war and  battles of misunderstanding and conflict, terrorism and abduction, violence of various degrees and forms.

The desire for peace is crucial in our society and nation’s depends on learning how to live(tolorate, adjust and adapt) without the threat of violence and conflict.

Peace Education can be induced as a means of helping individuals to develop skills that are necessary for achieving understanding, tolerance, Goodwill and value diversity
Based on the nation persistent ethnic conflict peace Education curriculum should be consistent with the education aim and objective of the nation.

 Futhermore  the aims and objective should epitomize the fourfold learning scheme enuciated by United Nation for Education, Scientific, cultural organization.

Objective of peace Education are been identified below:
1. To understand the concept of peace and conflict at the personal family, community, national and global levels.
2. To identify and provide insight to nature and origin violence and it effect on both the victim and perpetrator.
3. To equip children and adults are with necessary knowledge and skills needed to participate in conflict prevention, resolution , negotiation and post conflict reconcilation.
4. To explore the course of conflict and violence embedded within the perceptions values and attitude of individuals.
5. To encourage the use of Existing tradition framework for achieving peace and progress.

Strategies for Enhancing peace Education
Peace Education in it broadest sense could be referred to as peace training through controlled, planned and unplanned activities that instill in individuals peace, knowledge, skills value and attitude that will help individuals relate appropriate with himself and his environment.

Avenue of peace Education
1. Identification and sensitization of stakeholders for the institutionalization of peace Education to include parents.
2. Conducting need assessment on relevant issues on peace and conflict at the formal and non formal levels of the educational system.
3. Curriculum development workshop with the relevant allied organization, professional exlerts and policy.
4. The current trend in education today is the infusion of innovation Education programmes into many curriculum areas.

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