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Effective learning processes


It has been discovered that learning all over the country has changed from it normal state as may people don't really know how to learn especially in an educational setting. But luckily on this great article we are going to stress alot of things on that area.
Table of content
  • What is the term Learning
  • Basic areas in learning
  • Various forms of learning
  • Factors affecting learning in Nigeria
What is learning?
Learning is the ability to understand,interpret and respond appropriately to what is been taught.
According to a report on communication activities, an average student spends 45% of the time listening and the remaining  55% for other communication activities, namely speaking, reading and writing. This suggest that we use our listening skills more than any other communication skill. It has also been described as the second most difficult skill after reading.
When you listen you do several things you select the meaningful important, relevant sounds and messages from the numerous sounds and messages you hear in the communication process.
Also Read: Free E-learning app for Students 

This process involves using your language your language competence general knowledge cognitive reasoning skills, assignment,thinking and evaluating skills, assessment thinking and evaluating skills to ensure that you have received the right message. You also distinguish between important and unimportant information.
Read also: ways of developing good reading habit 
Hearing is  different from listening. Hearing is the indiscriminate act of perceiving sounds. but listening is the selective act of making meaning out of what you have heard. Listening therefore is the active process involving threw basic steps, namely hearing, understanding, and judging the essence of the spoken disclosure. On this great article you will be introduced to the listening processes and types of listening process. Internal and external factors that affect listening will be addressed also on this great article. and also discuss strategies for effective listening and listening problems and how to overcome them. The last section focuses on evaluating your listening skills and the various types of speaking functions.

The listening process

Hearing: hearing an aspect of the listening process means perceiving, focussing,and decoding a specific set of sounds into a discernment message.for example you are listening to a report on ostriches and the speaker mention that they take in metal objects such as coins, they simply melt. If you decal this information,it means you are been able to process what you have heard from sounds to a meaningful message.
Understanding: the next step in listening process occurs when you take what you have heard and interpret it in the light of the speakers intentions. using our report ostriches, when you hear that metal objects melt in their system you need to think about what it really means. It could mean that ostriches have higher acidity in their digestive system.
Judging: after you have ascertain that you have understood what the speaker has said thinks whether  it is fact or Normal opinion by understanding it in the light of your background knowledge on the topic. How can metal dissolve inside ostriches ? If indeed the acid content in their digestive system is high then it is believable, since high acidity dissolves metal.
Read also: effective way of presenting a speech 

Basic types of listening

Your purpose of listening and the type of material been presented will determine the type of listening that you select. for example a musical presentation will require a different type of listening form to listen from a business meeting because the purpose and the material of the two differs.
  • Attemtive listening: This type of listening requires full concentration and attention to what is been said
  • critical listening: critical listening in loves listening to and evaluating a message in the light of the speakers intentions and background knowledge from the listeners point of view.
  • Reflective listening: when listening to a message reflectively, you atempt to fully understand the message by identifying the main ideas.
  • Appreciative listening: to appreciate a mess means to to engage your emotions and feelings in the listening process. Appreciative listening could be illustrated when listening to a musical performance.
  • Emphatic listening: this type of listening requires understanding and responding tomother peoples feelings. Although you may not need emphatic listen in class room setting, it is useful in building personal relationship.

In summary a combination of one or more of the different types of of listening would sometimes be required for example in a lecture for class room situation attentive and reflectively listening types  are the most applicable and perhaps critical listening for open seminars.
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